Botswana is a landlocked country in Southern Africa sharing borders with South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Namibia. It has a total area of 582,000km2 and a population of approximately 1.85 million, most of which settled in the eastern part of the country. The Kalahari Desert covers most of the western part of the country.
Currently Botswana Power Corporation (BPC) generates, imports and supplies the electricity consumed in the country. The installed capacity is 132MW and maximum demand in 2006 was 434MW. Botswana receives more than 3,200 hours of sunshine per annum and there is a lot of potential to generate both thermal and photovoltaic electricity from solar energy. Botswana also has huge coal reserves currently estimated at over 200 billion tonnes.